frinit, frsetrects, frinittick, frclear, frcharofpt, frptofchar, frinsert, frdelete, frselect, frtick, frselectpaint, frdrawsel, frdrawsel0, frgetmouse – frames of text

#include <u.h>
#include <libc.h>
#include <draw.h>
#include <thread.h>
#include <mouse.h>
#include <frame.h>

void    frinit(Frame *f, Rectangle r, Font *ft, Image *b, Image **cols)

void    frsetrects(Frame *f, Rectangle r, Image *b)

void    frinittick(Frame *f)

void    frclear(Frame *f, int resize)

ulong frcharofpt(Frame *f, Point pt)

Point frptofchar(Frame *f, ulong p)

void    frinsert(Frame *f, Rune *r0, Rune *r1, ulong p)

int     frdelete(Frame *f, ulong p0, ulong p1)

void    frselect(Frame *f, Mousectl *m)

void    frtick(Frame *f, Point pt, int up)

void    frselectpaint(Frame *f, Point p0, Point p1, Image *col)

void    frdrawsel(Frame *f, Point pt0, ulong p0, ulong p1,
int highlighted)

void    frdrawsel0(Frame *f, Point pt0, ulong p0, ulong p1,
Image *back, Image *text)


This library supports frames of editable text in a single font on raster displays, such as in sam(1) and rio(1). Frames may hold any character except NUL (0). Long lines are folded and tabs are at fixed intervals.

The user–visible data structure, a Frame, is defined in <frame.h>:
typedef struct Frame Frame;
struct Frame
Font        *font;           /* of chars in the frame */
Display     *display;         /* on which frame appears */
Image       *b;              /* on which frame appears */
Image       *cols[NCOL];      /* text and background colors */
Rectangle r;               /* in which text appears */
Rectangle entire;           /* of full frame */
Frbox       *box;
ulong       p0, p1;           /* selection */
ushort      nbox, nalloc;
ushort      maxtab;           /* max size of tab, in pixels */
ushort      nchars;           /* # runes in frame */
ushort      nlines;           /* # lines with text */
ushort      maxlines;         /* total # lines in frame */
ushort      lastlinefull;     /* last line fills frame */
ushort      modified;         /* changed since frselect() */
Image       *tick;           /* typing tick */
Image       *tickback;        /* saved image under tick */
int         ticked;           /* flag: is tick onscreen? */

Frbox is an internal type and is not used by the interface. P0 and p1 may be changed by the application provided the selection routines are called afterwards to maintain a consistent display. Maxtab determines the size of tab stops. Frinit sets it to 8 times the width of a 0 (zero) character in the font; it may be changed before any text is added to the frame. The other elements of the structure are maintained by the library and should not be modified directly.

The text within frames is not directly addressable; instead frames are designed to work alongside another structure that holds the text. The typical application is to display a section of a longer document such as a text file or terminal session. Usually the program will keep its own copy of the text in the window (probably as an array of Runes) and pass components of this text to the frame routines to display the visible portion. Only the text that is visible is held by the Frame; the application must check maxlines, nlines, and lastlinefull to determine, for example, whether new text needs to be appended at the end of the Frame after calling frdelete (q.v.).

There are no routines in the library to allocate Frames; instead the interface assumes that Frames will be components of larger structures. Frinit prepares the Frame f so characters drawn in it will appear in the single Font ft. It then calls frsetrects and frinittick to initialize the geometry for the Frame. The Image b is where the Frame is to be drawn; Rectangle r defines the limit of the portion of the Image the text will occupy. The Image pointer may be null, allowing the other routines to be called to maintain the associated data structure in, for example, an obscured window.

The array of Images cols sets the colors in which text and borders will be drawn. The background of the frame will be drawn in cols[BACK]; the background of highlighted text in cols[HIGH]; borders and scroll bar in cols[BORD]; regular text in cols[TEXT]; and highlighted text in cols[HTEXT].

Frclear frees the internal structures associated with f, permitting another frinit or frsetrects on the Frame. It does not clear the associated display. If f is to be deallocated, the associated Font and Image must be freed separately. The resize argument should be non–zero if the frame is to be redrawn with a different font; otherwise the frame will maintain some data structures associated with the font.

To resize a Frame, use frclear and frinit and then frinsert (q.v.) to recreate the display. If a Frame is being moved but not resized, that is, if the shape of its containing rectangle is unchanged, it is sufficient to use draw(2) to copy the containing rectangle from the old to the new location and then call frsetrects to establish the new geometry. (It is unnecessary to call frinittick unless the font size has changed.) No redrawing is necessary.

Frames hold text as runes, not as bytes. Frptofchar returns the location of the upper left corner of the p'th rune, starting from 0, in the Frame f. If f holds fewer than p runes, frptofchar returns the location of the upper right corner of the last character in f. Frcharofpt is the inverse: it returns the index of the closest rune whose image's upper left corner is up and to the left of pt.

Frinsert inserts into Frame f starting at rune index p the runes between r0 and r1. If a NUL (0) character is inserted, chaos will ensue. Tabs and newlines are handled by the library, but all other characters, including control characters, are just displayed. For example, backspaces are printed; to erase a character, use frdelete.

Frdelete deletes from the Frame the text between p0 and p1; p1 points at the first rune beyond the deletion.

Frselect tracks the mouse to select a contiguous string of text in the Frame. When called, a mouse button is typically down. Frselect will return when the button state has changed (some buttons may still be down) and will set f–>p0 and f–>p1 to the selected range of text.

Programs that wish to manage the selection themselves have several routines to help. They involve the maintenance of the `tick', the vertical line indicating a null selection between characters, and the colored region representing a non–null selection. Frtick draws (if up is non–zero) or removes (if up is zero) the tick at the screen position indicated by pt. Frdrawsel repaints a section of the frame, delimited by character positions p0 and p1, either with plain background or entirely highlighted, according to the flag highlighted, managing the tick appropriately. The point pt0 is the geometrical location of p0 on the screen; like all of the selection–helper routines' Point arguments, it must be a value generated by frptofchar. Frdrawsel0 is a lower–level routine, taking as arguments a background color, back, and text color, text. It assumes that the tick is being handled (removed beforehand, replaced afterwards, as required) by its caller. Frselectpaint uses a solid color, col, to paint a region of the frame defined by the Points p0 and p1.


graphics(2), draw(2), cachechars(2).
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