Intmap, allocmap, freemap, insertkey, caninsertkey, lookupkey,
deletekey – integer to data structure maps
Intmap* allocmap(void (*inc)(void*))
An Intmap is an arbitrary mapping from integers to pointers. Allocmap
creates a new map, and freemap destroys it. The inc function is
called each time a new pointer is added to the map; similarly,
dec is called on each pointer left in the map when it is being
freed. Typically these functions maintain reference counts.
New entries are added to the map by calling insertkey, which will
return the previous value associated with the given key, or zero
if there was no previous value. Caninsertkey is like insertkey
but only inserts val if there is no current mapping. It returns
1 if val was inserted, 0 otherwise. Lookupkey returns the pointer
associated with key, or zero if there is no such pointer. Deletekey
removes the entry for id from the map, returning the associated
pointer, if any.
Concurrent access to Intmaps is safe, moderated via a QLock stored in the Intmap structure.
In anticipation of the storage of reference–counted structures, an increment function inc may be specified at map creation time. Lookupkey calls inc (if non–zero) on pointers before returning them. If the reference count adjustments were left to the caller (and thus not protected by the lock), it would be possible to accidentally reclaim a structure if, for example, it was deleted from the map and its reference count decremented between the return of insertkey and the external increment. Insertkey and caninsertkey do not call inc when inserting val into the map, nor do insertkey or deletekey call inc when returning old map entries. The rationale is that calling an insertion function transfers responsibility for the reference to the map, and responsibility is given back via the return value of deletekey or the next insertkey.
Intmaps are used by the 9P library to implement Fidpools and Reqpools.